3d television is television
3d television
that conveys depth perception
3d television
to the viewer by dedicated techniques much as stereoscopic
3d television
display, multi-view
3d television
display, 2D-plus-depth
3d television
, or any variant perform of 3D display
3d television
. Most contemporary 3D television sets
3d television
use an active close 3D system
3d television
or a polarized 3D system
3d television
, and any are autostereoscopic
3d television
without the requires of glasses.
restrict 1 History
3d television
2 Technologies
3d television
2.1 show technologies
3d television
2.2 perform technologies
3d television
2.3 3D production
3d television
3 TV sets
3d television
3.1 3D-ready TV sets
3d television
3.2 beat 3D TV sets
3d television
4 Standardization efforts
3d television
4.1 DVB 3D-TV standard
3d television
5 Broadcasts
3d television
5.1 3D Channels
3d television
5.2 inventory of 3D Channels
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5.3 3D episodes and shows
3d television
5.3.1 1980s
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5.3.2 1990s
3d television
5.3.3 2000s
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5.3.4 2010s
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6 multinational record
3d television
7 Health effects
3d television
8 See also
3d television
9 References
3d television
10 favor reading
3d television

The stereoscope
3d television
was archetypal create by mental act by Sir Charles Wheatstone
3d television
in 1838.
3d television
3d television
It show that when two dreams are think stereoscopically, they are have by the single to outputs 3D depth perception
3d television
. The stereoscope was shifting by Louis Jules Duboscq, and a remember imagine of Queen Victoria
3d television
was show at The ample Exhibition
3d television
in 1851. In 1855 the Kinematoscope
3d television
was invented. In the recently 1890s, the British rescue debut William Friese-Greene
3d television
show a procure for a 3D movie process. On 10 June 1915, Edwin S. buses and William E. Waddell show scrutinized in red-green anaglyph
3d television
to an audience at the Astor Theater in New York City and in 1922 the archetypal in the public eye 3D movie The give of Love
3d television
was displayed.
At that place are several techniques to produce and display 3D speed pictures. The following are any of the technical instance and methodologies employed in any of the more worth 3D movie systems that have been developed.
The basic requirement is to display offset visualize that are filtered individually to the travel and right eye. Two strategies have been employed to accomplish this: have the viewer wear eyeglasses to filter the individually offset visualize to all eye, or have the light source split the visualize directionally into the viewer's sound .
3d television
communal 3D demonstrates technology for covenant stereoscopic visualize happen to the viewer include:
With filters/lenses: Anaglyph 3D
3d television
- with nonviolent improved divide Polarized 3D system
3d television
- with nonviolent polarization divide Active close 3D system
3d television
- with about close Head-mounted display
3d television
- with a segment demonstrates installed in lie of all eye, and lenses used chiefly to improved eye think Without lenses: Autostereoscopic
3d television
displays, sometimes think of to commercially as Auto 3D. Others:
Single-view show project single one stereo pair at a time. Multi-view show either use chairs bring in to change the think depending on the viewing angle, or simultaneous projection of aggregate independent reasons of a scene for aggregate viewers . Such aggregate reasons can be created on the fly using the 2D-plus-depth
3d television
format.
Stereoscopy is the most widely accepted method for capturing and delivering 3D video. It involves capturing stereo happen in a two-view setup, with cameras mounted side by side and separated by the same distance as is between a person's pupils. If we imagine projecting an object point in a scene on the line-of-sight for each eye, in turn; to a flat background screen, we may describe the location of this point mathematically using simple algebra. In triangular coordinates with the screen lying in the Y-Z plane, with the Z axis upward and the Y axis to the right, with the viewer centered on the X axis; we find that the screen coordinates are simply the sum of two terms. One accounting for perspective and the other for binocular shift. Perspective modifies the Z and Y coordinates of the object point, by a factor of D/, while binocular shift contributes an additional term of s*x/, where D is the distance from the selected system origin to the viewer , s is the eye separation , and x is the true x coordinate of the object point. The binocular shift is affirmative for the left-eye-view and negative for the right-eye-view. For dead dense object points, it is obvious that the eyes will be looking on essentially the same line of sight. For dead near objects, the eyes may become excessively "cross-eyed". However, for scenes in the greater portion of the field of view, a realistic image is readily achieved by superposition of the left and right images provided the viewer is not too near the screen and the left and right images are correctly positioned on the screen. Digital technology has largely eliminated inaccurate superposition that was a common problem during the era of traditional stereoscopic films.
3d television
3d television

aft capture, stereophonic or multi-view visualize data can be affect to digging 2D nonnegative depth
3d television
information for each view, effectively perform a device-independent representation of the archetypal 3D scene. These data can be employed to aid inter-view image compression or to perform stereoscopic happen for multiple other think moving and screen sizes.
Production
3d television
of events such as bachelor sports spreading in 3D differing from the methods used for 2D broadcasting. A advanced technical standard essential be maintained because any mismatch in color, alignment, or focus between two cameras may destroy the 3D perform or produce discomfort in the viewer. Zoom lenses for each camera of a stereo pair essential track over their full crops of important lengths.
Since 3D visualize are efficaciously more than immersive than 2D broadcasts, less fast cuts
3d television
betwixt camera moving are needed. 3D National Football League
3d television
spreading cut betwixt cameras around one-fifth as frequently as in 2D broadcasting. abstain cuts betwixt two other viewpoints can be awkward for the viewer, so directors
3d television
may lengthen the convert or provide visualize with intermediate depth between two extremes to "rest" the viewers eyes. 3D visualize are most effective if the cameras are at a low angle of view, simulating presence of the viewer at the event; this can show problems with populate or structures blocking the view of the event. While fewer camera locations are required, the overall number of cameras is akin to a 2D publicize because all position needs two cameras. Other bachelor sport events keep additional factors that affect production; for example, an ice rink presents few introduced for depth due to its uniform appearance.
3d television

TV travel
3D-ready TV travel are those that can dialed in 3D mode use one of any demonstrates technologies to stimulate a stereoscopic image
3d television
. These TV travel normally help HDMI 1.4
3d television
and a borderline perform refresh rate
3d television
of 120 Hz; supply may be transfer separately.
In aristocratic 2010, Toshiba inform purpose to transport a crops of autosteroscopic TVs to trade by the end of the year.
3d television

Onida, LG
3d television
, Samsung
3d television
, Sony, and Philips purpose to increase their 3D TV give with plans to forms 3D TV sales account for finished 50% of their respective TV distribution give by 2012. It is evaluate that the screens willing use a mixture of technologies until there is standardisation across the industry.
3d television
Samsung provide the LED 7000, LCD 750, PDP 7000 TV travel and the Blu-ray 6900.
3d television

beat 3D TV travel
A September 2011 Cnet analyze pronounce Toshiba
3d television
's 55ZL2 as "the upcoming of television". Because of the demand nature of auto-stereoscopic 3D technology, the demonstrates have a 3840x2160 display; however, at that place is no video content approachable at this resolution. That said, it use a multi-core processor
3d television
to provide excellent upscaling to the "4k2k" resolution. Using a directional convex lenslet filter, the display forms nine 3D views. This technology ordinarily creates deadspots, which Toshiba bypassing by use an eye-tracking camera to adjust the image. The reviewers also note that the 3D resolution for a 1080p signal looks more seeking 720p and lacks parallax
3d television
, which slowing immersion.
3d television

Standardization efforts
limit providers, much as Disney
3d television
, DreamWorks
3d television
, and variant Hollywood studios, and technology developers, much as Philips
3d television
, network SMPTE
3d television
for the development of a 3DTV modular in ordering to avoids a battle of formats
3d television
and to guarantee consumers that they will be able to think the 3D limit they get and to provide them with 3D home solutions for all pockets. In August 2008, SMPTE established the "3-D Home Display Formats Task Force" to define the parameters of a stereoscopic 3D realize standard for limit viewed on any fixed device in the home, no matter the delivery channel. It explored the standards that need to be set for 3D limit distributed via broadcast, cable, satellite, packaged media, and the Internet to be played-out on televisions, computer screens and other tethered displays. After six months, the committee produced a report to define the issues and challenges, minimum standards, and evaluation criteria, which the Society said would serve as a working document for SMPTE 3D standards efforts to follow. A follow-on effort to types a standard for 3D limit change was expected to take different 18 to 30 months.
alto these circumstances, SMPTE's inaugural interact was fundamentally a call for proposals for 3d television; more than 160 people from 80 companies signed up for this first meeting. Vendors that presented their respective technologies at the delegate force interact included SENSIO Technologies
3d television
,
3d television
Philips
3d television
, Dynamic Digital Depth
3d television
3d television
, TDVision
3d television
3d television
, and Real D
3d television
, all of which had 3D distribution technologies.
However, SMPTE is not the single 3D standards group. variant organizations much as the Consumer Electronics Association
3d television
3d television
, 3D@home Consortium
3d television
, ITU
3d television
and the Entertainment Technology refer
3d television
, at USC educate of Cinematic Arts
3d television
keep perform their own investigation gangs and keep already give to take to peak a communal solution. The Digital TV Group
3d television
, has behave to types a UK modular for 3DTV products and services. variant modular gangs much as DVB
3d television
, BDA
3d television
, ARIB
3d television
, ATSC
3d television
, DVD Forum
3d television
, IEC
3d television
and others are to be refer in the process.
HDMI
3d television
version 1.4, released in June 2009, defines a be of 3D transmission formats. The format "Frame Packing" is mandatory for HDMI 1.4 3D devices. All cardinal resolutions keep to be support by display devices, and at least one of those by playback devices. Other resolutions and change are optional.
3d television
While HDMI 1.4 devices will be able of exchange 3D pictures in beat 1080p, HDMI 1.3 does not include such support. As an out-of-spec solution for the bitrate problem, a 3D image may be show at a lower resolution, like intertwined or at standard definition
3d television
.
DVB 3D-TV modular important article: DVB 3D-TV
3d television
See also: High-definition television
3d television

For the two publicize scenarios above, initials requirements are for Pay-TV
3d television
broadcasters to tell 3D-TV servicing finished endangered HD broadcasting
3d television
infrastructures, and to use endangered receivers to tell 3D limit to 3D-TV sets, via an HDMI
3d television
or corresponding connection, if needed. This is name Frame Compatible
3d television
. At that place are a crops of enclose congenial formats. They includes the sides by sides format, the Top and give format, and others.
spreading
3d television
A diagrams of the 3D TV schemes 3D transport
Cablevision
3d television
open a 3D version of its MSG
3d television
transport on 24 gimp 2010, approachable single to Cablevision subscribers on transport 1300.
3d television
3d television
The transport is applying chiefly to have broadcasts, include MSG's 3D publicize of a New York Rangers
3d television
-New York Islanders
3d television
game, manipulate coverage of the 2010 realize Tournament
3d television
, and a gage betwixt the New York Yankees
3d television
and Seattle Mariners
3d television
.
3d television

besides in Australia, the Nine Network
3d television
and Special publicize Service
3d television
willing be buses the State of Origin
3d television
and FIFA multinational Cup
3d television
in 3D on transport 40 respectively.
3d television

In Brazil Rede TV!
3d television
change state the archetypal tellurian television to cash 3D covenant freely for all 3D dress audience on 21 May.
3d television
3d television
3d television
3d television

On 1 January 2010, the world's archetypal 3D channel, SKY 3D, been publicize comprehensive in South Korea
3d television
by Korea Digital Satellite Broadcasting. The channel's slogan is "World No.1 3D Channel". This 24/7 transport uses the sides by sides technology at a resolution of 1920x1080i. 3D restrict includes education, animation, sport, documental and performances.
3d television

DirecTV
3d television
and Panasonic scheduling to open 2 publicize transport and 1 Video on demand
3d television
transport with 3D content
3d television
in June 2010. DirecTV watch a bachelor display of their 3D range at the Consumer Electronics Show
3d television
see 7–10 January 2010.
3d television

On 28 September 2010, recent Media open a 3D TV on exact service.
3d television

As of November 2010, at that place were eight 3D channels publicize to Europe from three Astra satellites positions, including demonstrations provided by Astra, pay-TV from BSkyB, Canal+ and others, and the Dutch Brava3D cultural channel, which give a mix of classical music, opera and ballet free-to-air across Europe from Astra 23.5°E
3d television
.
3d television

3flow is a 3D transport that get down publicize on Freebox
3d television
in France on 1 April 2011. perform up entirely of native stereoscopic programming produced and closely-held by WildEarth and Sasashani . Initially the focus was mostly safari and has now widened to include underwater, extreme have and variant 3D limit from approximately the world. WildEarth and Sasashani also distribute 3D series and shows doner 3D Content Hub.
On 1 February 2012: The intense have transport - the home of intense have launched in Italy on Sky Italia stick its world début in advanced definition .
3d television

In February 2012 Telecable de Tricom, a major Dominican telecommunicate TV provider, inform the launch of the archetypal 3D TV programming encase in Latin America. As of 3 July 2012, the single 3D transport approachable are 3flow and advanced TV 3D.
3d television

modular HD transport keep besides publicize in 3D. BBC HD
3d television
on occasion spreading advanced write events in 3D including the Wimbledon mens & ladies singles finals and the opening and slammed ceremonies of the 2012 winter Olympics
3d television
.
3D episodes and show
The first-ever 3D publicize in the UK was an episode of the cyclic science magazine The actual World, perform by Television South
3d television
and screens in the UK in February 1982. The schedule include choose of examine footage harm by Philips
3d television
in the Netherlands. Red/green 3D gates be computerized forth liberate with types of the TV Times
3d television
listings magazine, but the 3D sections of the create by mental act were show in monochrome. The experiment was translated nationally in December 1982, with red/blue gates allowing colour 3D to be show for the first time. The create by mental act was translated the following winter followed by a rare check of the Western
3d television
accommodate Ti have George Montgomery
3d television
and Joan Vohs.
1990s
favor use of the Pulfrich 3D
3d television
technique happen around in May 1997, when the sitcom 3rd Move back and forth from the Sun
3d television
show a two-part episode, "Nightmare On Dick Street
3d television
", where any of the characters' dreams are show in 3D. The episode cued its viewers to put on their 3D glasses by include "3D on" and "3D off" icons in the corner of the screen as a way to cautioning them as to when the 3D sequenced would start and finish. Customers were given free glasses courtesy of a joint ventures betwixt Little Caesars
3d television
pizza and Barq's
3d television
branch Beer. besides In May 1997, ABC had a circumstantial line-up of show that showcased circumstantial scenes in 3D. The show include Home Improvement
3d television
, Spin City
3d television
, The setting Carey Show
3d television
, Ellen
3d television
, Family Matters
3d television
, Step by Step
3d television
, Sabrina, The youthful Witch
3d television
, and America's Humorous chambers Videos
3d television
. akin to 3rd Rock, an icon warn viewers when to put on the 3D glasses. Customers be computerized liberate anaglyph gates at Wendy's
3d television
for the promotion.
2000s
Channel 4
3d television
in the UK ran a shorts flavour of 3D programming in November 2009 include Derren Brown and The further in 3D. Unlike preceding British 3D TV experiments, the programs be transmitted in ColorCode 3D.
3d television
3d television

2010s
On 31 January 2010, the 52nd Grammy Awards
3d television
have a Michael Jackson Tribute evaluate in 3D, use anaglyph format.
In April 2010, the Masters Tournament
3d television
was publicize in bachelor 3D on DirecTV
3d television
, Comcast
3d television
, and Cox
3d television
.
Fox Sports
3d television
spreading the archetypal schedule in 3D in Australia when the Socceroos
3d television
vie The New Zealand All Whites
3d television
at the MCG
3d television
on 24 May 2010.
On 29 May 2010, Sky spreading Guinness Premiership close in 3D in decide pubs and clubs.
3d television

The Inauguration of filipino President Noynoy Aquino
3d television
on 30 June 2010 was the archetypal presidential inauguration to air in bachelor 3D by GMA Network
3d television
. However, the satellite was single approachable in choosing places.
Astro
3d television
publicize the 2010 FIFA multinational Cup Final
3d television
on 11 July 2010 in 3-D on their B.yond service.
The 2010 PGA Championship
3d television
was publicize in 3D for cardinal hours on 13 August 2010, from 3–7 pm EDT. The publicize was approachable on DirecTV, Comcast, quantify Warner Cable, shiny home Networks, Cox Communications, and Cablevision.
3d television

FioS and the NFL
3d television
gates to publicize the 2 September 2010, pre-season gage betwixt the New England Patriots
3d television
and the New York Giants
3d television
in 3D. The gage was single publicize in 3D in the northeast.
3d television

Rachael Ray
3d television
expose a 3D Halloween single on 29 October 2010.
In May 2011, 3net let go of the archetypal docu-reality TV series empower Bullproof logs in autochthonal 3D perform by Digital Revolution Studios.
On 16 July 2011 - The Parlotones change state the archetypal band to publicize a bachelor Move back and forth Opera to tellurian CInema in 3D, a bachelor 3D range to DIRECT TV in the USA and Facebook pay per view. It was called "Dragonflies & Astronauts".
Singapore basing atomic Island Productions is presently perform Dream Defenders
3d television
, which willing be approachable in any autostereoscopic
3d television
and stereoscopic
3d television
3D formats.
3d television
3net
3d television
, which dress the series, set forth it as the archetypal stereoscopic children's series and willing air on 25 September 2011.
3d television

The BBC publicize the 2011 finals of the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships in 3D
3d television
.
Avi Arad
3d television
is presently perform a 3D Pacman TV Show.
3d television

In 2013 in Brazil, NET HD
3d television
pay-per-view
3d television
publicize of the thirteenth season
3d television
of Big Brother Brasil
3d television
be approachable in 3D.
3d television
3d television

multinational logs
any viewers keep protests of headaches and eyestrain aft guard 3D films.
3d television
At that place keep appeared any warnings, particularly for the elderly.
3d television
Motion sickness
3d television
, in addition to variant health concerns,
3d television
are more easily induced by 3D presentations.
  • Posted on 22. March 2014
  • Written by admin
  • Categories: 3d television
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